A BOTANICAL GLOSSARY

with particular emphasis on terms pertaining to the study of carnivorous plants

(rev 1.5 Part E)
Peter Cole - September 1996
Copy freely unaltered for non-commercial purposes.

Glossary Index.


ellipsoidal (adj)
in the form of an ellipse

emarginate (adj)
a rounded end terminated by a notch, as if a piece has been removed; the leaf margin is coloured distinctly from the lamina

embryo (n)
the immature living cell-bundle formed by fertilisation

endemic (adj)
restricted to a certain geographical location

endocarp (n)
the innermost layer of the pericarp

endogamous (adj)
self-pollinating

endosperm (n)
nutrients enclosed in the seed to sustain early growth of the embryo

ensiform (adj)
sword-shaped; lingulate, tapering to a fine point

entire (adj)
totally free from division or interruption

enzyme (n)
one of a number of chemicals secreted by a carnivorous plant to assist in the digestion of captured prey

epidermis (n)
the outer layer of cells on a plant structure

epigeal (adj)
growing with one or more leaves above the ground - the usual habit of plants

epinastic (adj)
growing faster on one side of a leaf or stem than on the other - the means by which many active traps move

epiphytic (adj)
growing on other plants (usually trees,) without deriving or contributing nutritional benefit from them

equal (adj)
symmetrical

equilateral (adj)
symmetrical

eroded (adj)
irregularly bounded, as if gnawed

exogamous (adj)
pollination between genetically different plants

exserted (adj)
projecting beyond; sticking out

extrorse (adj)
facing outwards


(c) Peter Cole 1995

I originally wrote much of this file to help me understand many of the terms employed in Danser's Nepenthes monographs and Obermeyer's work on South African Drosera (both on the CP web site.) I have probably missed a few due to the sheer size of the works. If there any words you feel should be included or redefined (not necessarily from Danser or Obermeyer,) feel free to Email me at:

carnivor@bunyip.demon.co.uk